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1 marts 2017 har Mindfulness foreningen indgået officielt samarbejde med Excalicare og vil deltage med Mindfulness workshop special designet til Excalicare til deltagerne på sommer camp for kræftramte børn og på søskende camp.

A systematic review of mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in the treatment of recurrent major depressive disorder

Highlights

  • Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for recurrent major depression
  • A systematic review of 23 clinical trials investigating mechanisms of change
  • MBCT may work according to the theoretically proposed mechanisms.
  • Better designs that can assess greater causal specificity are needed.
  • We provide recommendations for future research.

Background: The investigation of treatment mechanisms in randomized controlled trials has considerable clinical and theoretical relevance. Despite the empirical support for the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in the treatment of recurrent major depressive disorder (MDD), the specific mechanisms by which MBCT leads to therapeutic change remain unclear.

Objective: By means of a systematic review we evaluate how the field is progressing in its empirical investigation of mechanisms of change in MBCT for recurrent MDD.

Method: To identify relevant studies, a systematic search was conducted. Studies were coded and ranked for quality. Results: The search produced 476 articles, of which 23 were included. In line with the theoretical premise, 12 studies found that alterations in mindfulness, rumination, worry, compassion, or meta-awareness were associated with, predicted or mediated MBCT's effect on treatment outcome. In addition, preliminary studies indicated that alterations in attention, memory specificity, self-discrepancy, emotional reactivity and momentary positive and negative affect might play a role in how MBCT exerts its clinical effects.

Conclusion: The results suggest that MBCT could work through some of the MBCT model's theoretically predicted mechanisms. However, there is a need for more rigorous designs that can assess greater levels of causal specificity. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license